Charles Plymell in Kansas in 1950 going to hear Charley Parker. A street shot for a dollar. He was what was called a hipster and sometimes punk and belonged to a definite sub-culture that did not surface in the mainstream. Keeping it cool was the main theme. This was well before he had heard of the Beats and says most of them at that time were probably still pretty square or just becoming hip. The term "hippy" didn't come into use until 1963 and "punk" as we know it now, much later.